What Are the Different Types of HVAC Systems That Exist Today?

HVAC Systems

Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems can protect you from weather-related illnesses. Air conditioners, in particular, can help keep deadly heat-related health conditions at bay. On the other hand, space heaters like furnaces can help keep you safe from hypothermia.

That’s enough reason to work with a licensed HVAC provider to install one of these systems in your home.

To that end, we came up with this guide detailing the types of HVAC systems you can get today. So, read on to discover what they are and their pros and cons so that you can make a more educated choice.

Standard Split Heating and Cooling Systems

Split HVAC systems come with at least two units; one is indoors, the other outdoors. Copper tubing then connects the indoor unit with the one outdoors.

The heating component of the split system can either be a standard furnace or a heat pump. The cooling element, on the other hand, can be a central air conditioning unit.

Note, as well, that most standard split systems rely on ducts to circulate warm or cool air in a home. Moreover, the heater and the cooler come with a separate, dedicated air filter.

Reverse Cycle Air Conditioners

Reverse cycle air conditioners are two-in-one devices, as they provide cooling and heating. That means you can use them to cool your home in the summer and then heat it in the winter. These are functions built into a single piece of equipment, so there’s no need to buy a separate AC and heater.

Their design also eliminates the need for separate heater and air conditioning filters. Since there’s only one device, then you only need one air filter. However, you still need to wash or replace the filter every few months.

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You can also choose from ductless or ducted reverse cycle AC systems. The ductless kind can be ideal for heating or cooling individual rooms. On the other hand, the ducted type works much like a central HVAC system.

Ductless Mini-Split Systems

Ductless mini-split HVAC systems work and look like standard split systems. The primary difference is that they don’t need ducts to work. That makes them more energy-efficient, as faulty ducts can waste up to 40% of cooling or heating energy.

Ductless mini-splits deliver conditioned air through four to five individual indoor units. Each indoor unit, in turn, can heat or cool a zone or room. All indoor units then connect to a single outdoor unit.

Another benefit of mini-splits is that each indoor unit has a separate thermostat. As such, you can adjust the temperature in each zone without affecting the others. For example, you can set the temperature in one area higher, and in others, lower.

A slight drawback to mini-splits is that they do require more maintenance. For example, since there are multiple indoor units, you also need one air filter for each.

Invest in High-Performance, Energy-Efficient HVAC Systems

As you can see, you have at least three primary options when it comes to HVAC systems. You can also go ductless, especially if your home doesn’t have enough space for ductwork.

Regardless of the type you choose, go with a local HVAC company offering Energy Star systems. These are, after all, some of the most energy-efficient HVAC systems in the market today.

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